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All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Transitional Justice PDF Print E-mail

Transitional justice is a priority theme of FOHRID's working area. Overall goal of this theme is To establish culture of peace through conflict resolution and promoting reconciliation for sustaining peace initiative and enabling victims to claim and express their rights through transitional justice mechanism. It is necessary to carry out documentation of the violations of human rights and humanitarian law during armed conflict, including cases of disappearance; work for dealing with the past and build public consensus on prosecution for serious human rights violations; identify actual needs of the victims, build their capacity and promote reconciliation engaging victims and non-state actors; push for a national policy on reparation and reconciliation; and advocacy for establishing credible transitional justice mechanisms, such as TRC and Commission on Disappearance to attain these goals. FOHRID has been implementing its activities focusing on the issues of vetting process and reparation model. Nepal is going through peace process in the post conflict period. Under such circumstances, it is not possible to institutionalize democracy and sustainable peace without transitional justice mechanism.

The parties to conflict have agreed in the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) to establish transitional justice mechanism such as TRC and Commission of inquiry on Disappearance. Establishing transitional justice institutions, consistent with international standards, would be a crucial step towards dealing with conflict related violence. An ordinance setting framework for the establishment of a Commission of Inquiry on Disappearance was passed in February 2009. The ordinance has serious flaws in its provisions that hinder effective criminalization of disappearance, and independent functioning of the Commission. The Ministry for Peace and Reconstruction needs to conduct intensive public consultation to make it perfect. The two commissions must be established with strong and independent mandates and support their ability to function free from interference.

The components including identify issue of victims, organize victims' groups, media mobilization, and publication / dissemination are being conducted under this activity. To work in this issue, ActionAid Nepal provided funding and technical cooperation was arranged from the OHCHR and ICJ.


Press Release

Impunity aggravated by promotion of those alleged of serious human rights violation, failure to prosecute and case withdrawal in Nepal 11 October 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal. Nepal government has failed to bring into justice system and prosecute those who are alleged of inv... Read more
International Justice Day-2012, FOHRID Urges Government of Nepal to ratify the Rome Statute of ICC 16 July, 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal Every year on 17 July the world celebrates International Justice Day (IJD) to commemorate the adoption ... Read more
Nepal: Criminalize torture and end impunity June 25, 2012, Kathmandu,Nepal We are observing June 26, 2012, the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture. The expressio... Read more
Appeal for immediate accession/ratification of the OP-ICESCR by Nepal Government 07 May 2012 (2069 Baishakh 22), Kathmandu, Nepal Nepal Government should immediately accede/ratify to the Optional Protocol to the Inte... Read more
Nepal must strengthen prosecution against impunity 12 January 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal. UK authorities arrested Nepal Army Colonel Kumar Lama on 3rd January 2013 from Sussex for his alle... Read more
Appeal to Nepal government to become accountable to respect and protect people's right to life 28 January 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal   Similar to the previous years, people in terai faced severe cold wave this winter also, ... Read more


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