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All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Research and Publication PDF Print E-mail

FOHRID has been publishing academic books, Project Execution Evaluation Report, Project Execution Report and ToT and advocacy Toolkit on the issues of impunity, human rights including economic, social and cultural rights, international criminal justice system, democracy, constitution making process, justice for victims of conflict etc. Brief outline of the publications is presented below:

1. Protection and Promotion of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Advocacy/Training Resource Toolkit (October 2012 )
The Advocacy/Training Toolkit is divided into 5 parts and 10 training sessions. Part 1 is entitled "Human rights". It refreshes understanding of participants on meaning, definition and characteristics of human rights. Part 2 is entitled "ICESCR". This part is divided into 3 sessions. It discusses about ESC rights, state obligations under the Covenant, role of Committee and challenges that arise during implementation and application of ESC rights. Part 3 is entitled "An overview of OP-ICESCR". This part is divided into two sessions. It provides information on ICESCR, its monitoring mechanism, rights protected under the Covenant, state obligation, justiciability of ESC rights. It describes about the procedures and mechanisms introduced by OP-ICESCR, adoption and ratification process and competence of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights to receive and consider communications against states. Part 4 is entitled "Why should Nepal ratify Optional Protocol? Logic contesting it: myth and reality". This part is divided into two sessions. It describes about need of Nepal to adopt and ratify OP-ICESCR, benefits states can enjoy by ratifying and implementing Optional Protocol. It challenges the myths about justiciability of ESC rights and provides knowledge for advocacy in favour of ratification and domestication of Optional Protocol.

Part 5 is entitled "Lobbying and advocacy resource materials for ratification and implementation of Optional Protocol". This part is divided into 2 sessions. It provides information and describes practical knowledge and framework for ratification of Optional Protocol to work in collaboration and lobbying with government officials and representatives, national human rights institutions, civil society and media. It also provides helpful information, resources and model for ratification and implementation of Optional Protocol.

The objectives of the Advocacy/Training Toolkit are 1. To encourage state and non-state actors to make the state fulfil the obligations created by the ICESCR; 2. To guide the stakeholders on the need to reform national mechanism to receive complaint regarding violation of ESC rights for protection and promotion of these rights and establish access of victims to justice; 3. To enhance awareness and capacity building of target groups and beneficiaries to use the OP-ICESCR; and 4. To promote public advocacy for ratification/accession of the OP-ICESCR.

2.Strategic human rights litigation: Practitioner's Handbook (August 2012)
Human Rights and Democratic Forum (FOHRID) in collaboration with Justice and Right Institute Nepal (JuRI-Nepal) and International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) published "Strategic human rights litigation: Practitioner's Handbook". The handbook is useful for law practitioners working on strategic human rights litigation and to deal with practical aspects of using litigation to protect human rights. The book is prepared to fulfil the needs of judges, government attorney, law enforcement agencies, lawyers, legislative organs and human rights defenders. It provides guide to seek judicial remedy against human rights violation at the domestic level. It does not contain in-depth description of theory, jurisprudence or procedure on human rights, rather it aims to introduce readers on the issue of strategic litigation. Objectives of this publication are,

  1. To sensitize the rights activists and law practitioners on domestic application of fundamental human rights related to life, dignity, equality and freedom guaranteed by the international laws to which Nepal is a state party, constitution, Civil Rights Act and other laws.
  2. To provide necessary resource materials with knowledge, skill and capacity for human rights defenders and law practitioners to seek judicial and legal remedy through human rights litigation at different levels of courts to address the entrenched culture of ignoring rule of law and impunity.
  3. To provide reference materials for advocacy on human rights for institutions and individuals working in the judicial, legal and human rights sectors.
  4. To disseminate necessary knowledge on subject, phases and components of strategic litigation related to human rights to the public.
  5. To contribute in the human rights campaign by supporting human rights protection through seeing judicial remedy in the human rights litigation.

The handbook is divided into five chapters. The first chapter is introduction. It gives brief outline of the content of the book, its target audience and objectives. The second chapter clarifies concept of human rights. It describes about meaning, nature and characteristics of human rights, status of protection of human rights at the national and international level, as well as relationship between national and international law. The third chapter is related to the concept and theoretical aspects of strategic litigation. It answers questions such as what is strategic litigation, how can we protect human rights through this. It also incorporates the evolution and practice of seeking judicial remedy through litigation. The fourth chapter is about phases and aspects of strategic litigation. It provides practical knowledge on preparation and presentation of cases. It describes about the components such as selection of issue, jurisdiction, claim and justification. Use of documentation and international law is also dealt in this chapter. The fifth chapter describes about the use of writ jurisdiction by the Supreme Court, Appellate Court and District Court against human rights violation. It gives an overview of what type of legal remedy is available under this jurisdiction and possibility to grab it. The book offers a comprehensive catalogue of model petitions filed in different levels of courts and emblematic decisions.

3. Democracy, constitution making Process and political accountability (Published in June 2011)
This publication has been divided into tree parts. The first part is entitled pluralism, democracy and nationalism. This part has accommodated 5 separate articles on nationality and democracy, partyless, single party and pluralism, nationalism and people's democracy, Context of constitution making: democracy, pluralism and multi-party system, internal and external dimensions of Nepalese nationalism. The issues of partyless, single party and pluralism, nationalism and democracy, nationalism and people's democracy, internal and external dimensions of democracy, pluralism, multiparty system and Nepalese nationalism in the context of constitution making. The second part is entitled peace and constitution making: political accountability. It has accommodated 3 separate articles on new constitution: points of dispute, resolution and political accountability, peace and constitution making: problems and resolution, and constitution making and peace process. The study carried out under this project is also included in this part. The third part is entitled democratic stability in Nepal: political accountability. This part includes research based articles on democratic stability in Nepal: political accountability and trend, political party reform and restructuring for institutionalization of federal democratic republic and political parties and accountability. The publication is being printed 1000 copies for wide dissemination among stakeholders.

4. Permanent International Criminal Court, Addressing impunity at the international level: From Nuremberg to The Hague (Published in March 2011)
The first part of this publication has defined in simple language the issues such as democracy and rule of law, international humanitarian law, international human rights law, international criminal offence or crime, international criminal justice and impunity. The second part is about Nuremberg and Tokyo trial in light of international criminal justice system. Similarly, the International Tribunals for former Yugoslavia and Rwanda have been discussed. The historical origin of International Criminal Court has been assessed. The crimes addressed by the International Criminal Court, its jurisdiction, rights of victims, addressing impunity through the Rome Statute have been elaborated. The third part has incorporated the questions and answers regarding need, achievements and other aspects of the Rome Statute. Finally, the publication has discussed about investigations conducted by the Rome Statute so far and the reason why Nepal should accede to this mechanism. This is an illustrative booklet. It has carried some pictures reflecting serious violation of human rights during the past armed conflict and initiative for accession of Rome Statute in Nepal. It is expected that the publication shall fulfil the need of a resource material for the Nepalese readers.

5. Withdrawal of the Serious criminal cases and Impunity in Nepal (publish in December, 2010)
This publication has been divided into two parts. The first part discusses Withdrawal of criminal cases: Nepal's obligations under international law. Similarly, the second part has been focused on Law and practice of withdrawal of cases filed by government. This part has illustrated the issues including Case withdrawal and relevant laws in Nepal, Commencement of legislative law, Some observations on the Government Cases Act, 2049, Constitutional provision relating to case withdrawal, Gateway for misuse through "political ideology/revenge" to "politicization", Standard and procedure to withdraw cases, Compliance of the Standard and procedures. The available data of cases withdrawn by the government have been included in the Annex of the publication.

6. Evaluation report of Combating Impunity to Promote Accountability-Project (Published Date: November 2010)
This publication has presented the outcome of the Combating Impunity to Promote Accountability- Project implemented by FOHRID with the financial assistance of Embassy of Finland, Kathmandu from April 16, 2009 to May 31, 2010. It reflects the success of the project to establish need of retroactive provision in the new constitution to deal with the serious crimes of international concern. It has explored ground to incorporate such provisions on the basis of the international instruments and practice.

7. Impunity and Accountability: Application of retroactive provision in the serious crimes under international law (Published date: May 2010)
This book entitled "Impunity and Accountability: Application of retroactive provision in the serious crimes under international law" has been published incorporating research based articles and views expressed by participants in the consultation and interaction programs organized by FOHRID in Kathmandu and other districts. The book is divided into two parts. The first part contains 13 research based articles written by various experts on the jurisprudence of incorporating retroactive provision from different angles of international law Including the issue of impunity problem analysis, past efforts and some international experiences, Right relating to justice: impunity, serious crimes of international concern and retroactive provision in the new constitution, Addressing past crimes, constitutional and legal provisions against impunity and jurisprudence of use of retroactive law to address human rights violations, Retroactive use of criminal law in the context of principles of international criminal justice and human rights, Past human rights violations and context of continuous crime, Analysis of non-applicability of statutory limitation in the serious violations of human rights, Transitional justice: principle and practice and Remedy of serious human rights violations in the campaign for justice against impunity : Criminal prosecution and punishment or amnesty?. The second part comprises of the expert views and opinion regarding application of retroactive provision in the serious crimes under international law. The 360 page long publication was printed 1000 copies.

8. Constitution making process: Debate on state restructuring in the new constitution (Published date: January 2010)
The publication is divided into 5 sections. The First Section deals with theoretical issues of federalism, form and basis of federalism in Nepal, views and suggestions of renowned scholars on federalism in Nepal. Similarly, the Second Section incorporates concept and theoretical perspectives of governance system, views of experts in this issue. Third Section includes perspectives on timely constitution making, political consensus and mechanism. Fourth Section is related to accountability of political parties towards constitution making and peace process. Final Section has incorporated research based write up on political accountability in the context of constitution making and state orientation. Key article in this publication is "Debate on constitution making process, state restructuring and accountability". The 210 page long publication is printed 1000 copies.

9. Economic, social and cultural rights: Initiative to incorporate ESC rights in the new constitution (Published date: November 2009)
This publication has been brought out to help the policy makers for implementation of the ICESCR in Nepal. The publication has incorporated findings of consultation meeting, minute of lobbying meeting, working papers presented in the programs on ESC rights organized by FOHRID and the recommendation made to the CA Committee for Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles. The final part of this publication bears report of the whole proceedings and recommendations made to the CA Committee for Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles. It has incorporated important recommendations on behalf of the civil society to incorporate in the fundamental rights of the new constitution. It is an important reference material to those who aspire to learn about the international standards of ESC rights, its implementation status in Nepal and what Nepal can do to realize these rights for the people.

10. Final project execution report and Action plan (Published date: February 2009)
This publication is based on the report of the "Initiative to combat against torture and impunity-Project" implemented in the year 2007-2008 by FOHRID with the financial assistance of the European Commission. Report of project implementation, its evaluation and long term action plan for ratification and domestication of Rome Statute and Optional Protocol of CAT are included in the publication.

11. Civil Action Plan (Published date: November 2008)
This publication contains an action plan designed to be implemented by the civil society. This was published with the intention to launch a campaign for accession and implementation of Rome Statute and Optional Protocol of CAT. It provides basic information regarding International Criminal Court (ICC) and Rome Statute. It has also incorporated basic information regarding the Optional Protocol of CAT. Systematic measures for ratification and accession into both of these instruments have been incorporated in the publication. Measures to be taken by the civil society for domestication of these instruments have been listed. Name list of the countries that have ratified the Rome Statute is mentioned as an Annex. Similarly, the Bilateral Immunity Agreements (BIAs) of USA has been analyzed, names of the countries ratifying and acceding to it, and the Agreement between Government of Nepal and the Government of the United States of America regarding the surrender of persons to the ICC have been included.

12. Citizen's Draft "Bill Relating to Torture, 2065" (Published date: September 2008)
Main objective of this draft Bill is to criminalize torture in Nepal. Nepal has already ratified CAT but an effective torture act in line with the CAT is still not enforced. Torture Compensation Act 2053 has been enforced but it cannot address the need of the hour. It has not criminalized or discouraged torture. Consequently, torture continues in Nepal. In this backdrop, FOHRID has been exerting pressure to repeal the existing Torture Compensation Act and replace it with the citizen's draft "Bill Relating to Torture, 2065". Major objective of this effort is to help the government to introduce an effective new law in line with the international standard and practice.

13. A Directory of Minority Rights Institutions in South Asia (Published date: May 2008)
This directory has been prepared by incorporating details of the organizations working in the field of minority rights in the South Asian nations namely Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This was possible through a collaboration between organizations from all these 5 countries including FOHRID from Nepal. The directory provides basic information about most of the organizations working for the minority rights, selected list of publication and scholars, newspapers, case studies, video documentaries, writing, journals in the South Asia region.

14. A South Asian Regional Charter on Minority and Group Rights (Published date: May 2008)
The Charter was prepared by a coalition of organizations from the South Asian countries including Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Aim of the Charter was to effectively address minority issues and concerns, which cut across countries in South Asia and enhance regional responses to some of the current weaknesses in constitutional and legislative protection and promotion of minority and group rights. More specifically, the Charter can be used as a reference tool for Governments, non-State actors, human rights institutions, NGOs, human rights advocates, and policy makers to draft national legislation, promote legislative reform, undertake advocacy, and influence decisions, policies and programs to ensure that they focus on the promotion and protection of minority and group rights. The aim is to enhance national and regional networks to provide input into the Charter and promote it through advocacy for rights protection at local, national and regional levels by NGOs and other civil society organizations.

15. Conflict victims and justice (Published date: March 2008)
The book has incorporated important issues such as TRC, principle and values of justice and impunity, issues of conflict victims and truth seeking, justice and reconciliation mechanism, verification and livelihood of conflict victims, some international experiences and mock tribunal for truth finding and transformation, review of the Bill to establish Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Nepal, 2063 proposed by the government.

Report of the workshop on "Access to justice and sustainable livelihood for the conflict victims" and project execution report of "Advocacy for social, economic and legal justice of conflict victims" have been included in the report section. The Annex section has accommodated views expressed by victims who participated in the project activities, separate TRC bills proposed by the civil society and the government. FOHRID distributed this 250 pages long book among stakeholders. This book was published by FOHRID with partial financial assistance of ActionAid Nepal.

16. Final project execution report and Action plan (Published date: February 2008)
This publication is based on the report of the "Ending unlawful killings and impunity-Project" implemented in the year 2006-2007 by FOHRID with the financial assistance of the European Commission. The book is divided into four parts - project execution report of "Ending unlawful killings and impunity-project", long term strategy action plan to combat against impunity, evaluation report on "Ending unlawful killings and impunity-project" and brief project execution report in Nepali language. Total eight tables in the book describe various aspects of project execution. List of members of Citizen's Task Force to Combat Impunity formed under this project and Audit Report have been provided through two annexes.

17. Civil society draft "Bill relating to prohibition of impunity, 2064" (Published date: September 2007)
FOHRID drafted and published "Bill relating to prohibition of impunity, 2064". Major objective of this bill is to end impunity through effective implementation, protection and promotion of the rights of people enshrined in the constitution and the international human rights and humanitarian laws ratified by Nepal.

This Bill has envisaged establishment of national mechanism to take action against perpetrators by designating certain violations of human rights and humanitarian laws as crimes. Passage of this bill will ensure action against perpetrators who are enjoying impunity due to loopholes in the existing law. It can ensure a congenial environment to provide fair justice to the victims of serious crimes. As it adds new dimension to the criminal justice system, it will be an exemplary legal instrument for other countries in the world that are facing violations of human rights and humanitarian law.

Divided into three parts, the book accommodates need and relevance of the Bill, full text of the bill and process and participation in the drafting process. The book has been published in original Nepali language and translated version in English inside same cover. The bill was prepared under "Unlawful killings and impunity-project" implemented by FOHRID with the financial assistance from the European Commission.

18. International Criminal Court: An Introduction (Published date: 1st edition November 2007 and 2nd edition January 2008)
FOHRID brought out first edition of resource book on International Criminal Court (ICC) in November 2007. Main source of this publication is "An Introduction to the International Criminal Court" with consent from its author William A. Schabas. The book has been divided into 8 chapters including introduction, creation of the court, crimes prosecuted by the court, jurisdiction and admissibility, general principles of criminal court, investigation and pre-trial procedure, trial and appeal, punishment and the rights of victims, structure and administration of the court. The book explains about dimensions of practices and principles of criminal legal system in the world.

Effective implementation of human rights and humanitarian law can ensure better future for the humanity. The book has briefly outlined efforts of the world community to bring war into justice system. Initiatives that began in 1860 to establish ICC have been presented systematically. The book has incorporated brief account of the evolution of ICC from the Hague Convention of 1899 and 1907 in the past to the latest Tribunals in Yugoslavia and Rwanda. Positive and negative role of countries during establishment of the ICC, especially in determining its scope and defining crime, has been explained. Negative role of USA after the determination of "Elements of Crimes" and "Rules of Procedure and Evidence" is interesting for the readers to learn.

The book has presented minute description of many facts ignored and not understood by the people till now. The book is useful to sensitize people on the importance of ICC, to back up advocacy on this issue and to exert pressure on the government to become state party to the Rome Statute. After overwhelming demand from the readers, second edition of this book was published in January 2008.

19. Impunity: Concept, problem and diagnosis (Published date: September 2007)
Impunity increases and accountability decreases when a state fails to bring the perpetrators involved in the gross violation of international human rights law and serious violation of international humanitarian law into justice system. There are number of challenges in the campaign against impunity. There is no uniform idea on what impunity is, what it covers, and how to conceptualize it. The issues incorporated in this book are based on the international principle and standards so that the struggle in Nepal can comply with similar international practices.

The book has been divided into 10 chapters namely introduction, impunity: concept, meaning and context, concept of impunity and international context of diagnosis, principles against impunity, principles and standards regarding action and punishment against violators of human rights, personal criminal responsibility in the violation of international humanitarian law during non-international armed struggle, armed conflict, violence against women and ending impunity, impunity in the Nepalese context, impunity in Nepal: problem, measures for ending impunity in Nepal.

Likewise, important information such as list of cases dismissed on the political ground, data of killings by government and Maoists at various times, incidents of killing after peace accord and number of abducted people have been given through five tables. There are 10 boxes to explain reports of separate specific incidents. The appendix section incorporates additional important documents. The book was prepared as a component of "Unlawful killings and impunity" project with financial assistance of European Commission. This book has been prescribed as reference book by the Tribhuwan University for the students of LL.B. Written in a simple Nepali language, the book is useful for human rights activists, lawyers, students and general readers.

20. FAQ on constituent assembly election and their answers, 2064 (Published date: September 2007)
"Frequently Asked Questions on Constituent Assembly Election and their Answers, 2064", published by the Election Commission is a simple handbook to disseminate basic knowledge on the need of CA polls and its process. Its first edition was brought out in the mid 2007. Obtaining consent from Election Commission, FOHRID and RSDC jointly published its second edition in October 2007 with the financial support from ESP. Major objective of the book was to provide basic information to voters on the relevant issues of CA and voting process. The booklet prepared in the question answer format to be completed in one sitting is successful to appease the thirst of general voters on various aspects of the historic CA election.

21. International instruments developed against impunity (Published date: 1st edition July 2007 & second edition July 2008)
Impunity is widespread in Nepal; and at the same time, struggle against impunity is not organized due to lack of clear understanding and sensitization in the public. Absence of punishment in the minor disputes between, for example, a married couple or neighbors are also counted as impunity. Even the educated and intellectual circle in the society have these weaknesses. Considering this situation, FOHRID prepared "International instruments developed against impunity" in Nepali language by identifying international laws related to the issue of impunity. Following instruments are incorporated in this publication:

  1. Rome Statute, 1998.
  2. Optional Protocol 2002 of CAT.
  3. CAT Convention, 1984
  4. European Parliament Resolution on Impunity in Africa and in Particular the Case of Hissene Habre.
  5. UN Declaration of Basic Principle of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power, 1985.
  6. Report of the independent expert to update the set of principles to combat impunity – GE-05.10900(E)210205.
  7. Brussels principle against impunity and for international justice, 2002.
  8. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
  9. Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity.
  10. Principles of international co-operation in the detection, arrest, extradition and punishment of persons guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
  11. International Convention for the Protection of Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
  12. Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law.
  13. Principles on Housing and Property Restitution for Refugees and Displaced Persons. (Endorsed by the UN Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, Resolution 2005/21 of 11 August 2005).
  14. The rule of law and transitional justice in conflict and post-conflict societies (Report of the UN Secretary General).

This 304 pages long book sheds light on impunity by utilizing available instruments, practices and resource materials. It recommends some measures that can be applied to combat widespread impunity. To share the knowledge with maximum number of stakeholders and general public, FOHRID disseminated this publication free of cost. Though the readers may face some difficulty with technical terms, they will find it interesting to go through when they began to understand the message it carries.

This book has been prescribed as reference book by the Tribhuwan University for the students of LL.B. The book can be utilized as useful reference material by human rights activists, civil society workers, teachers, lawyers, law enforcing authorities, political parties as well as general readers. First edition of the book was published under financial assistance of EC. Its second edition was published in July 2008 incorporating the "Elements of Crimes" and "Rules of Procedure and Evidence" of the ICC with financial assistance of ESP.

22. Constituent Assembly advocacy / training Guidebook (Published date: First edition May 2007, second edition October 2007)
First edition of the "Constituent Assembly advocacy / training Guidebook" was published in April 2007 and disseminated among stakeholders. Considering its effectiveness to sensitize general public on the issue of CA, local organizations, institutions, occupational groups and civil society made overwhelming demand to reprint and disseminate it. When the election for the CA was postponed for 6 months and subsequent changes were made in the constitution and related laws, a revised second edition of the manual was brought out in October 2007.

The book starts with introduction and goes on with important information on state, constitution, CA, importance of CA, peace process, fundamental aspects of CA, rights, norms and values of democratic system and role of people in the CA. The Annex of the book has incorporated historic documents including CPA, Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063 (with 1st and 2nd amendment), declaration of the then CPN-Maoist to dissolve its people's court and parallel government, some proposed structures of federal state and understanding on state restructuring, minimum program of common agreement of the interim government, Code of conduct for CA polls, 2064, Guidelines for CA polls observation, 2064.

The 230 pages long book was prepared under the project entitled "People's participation and ownership in the CA" implemented by Human Rights and Democratic Forum (FOHRID) and Rural Self-reliance Development Centre (RSDC) with financial assistance of ESP.

23. Planting the rights seeds: A Human Rights Perspective on Agriculture Trade and the WTO (Published date: June 2006)
English version of this THREAD series backgrounder authored by Caring Smaller was published in March 2005. Caroline Dommen, Brain Lilistone and Sophia Murphy have edited the book. Considering its importance in the Nepali context, Tulasi Bahadur Karki translated it into Nepali language for Nepali readers. This translated version was published by FOHRID in June 2007 with the financial assistance from the Grassroots International, USA.

To unveil problems being faced by the under developed countries, this backgrounder provides useful analysis on the issues of food system, trade liberalization and human rights framework. The book advocates that the agriculture trade agreement implemented by the WTO in 1995 has not incorporated people centered provisions. The author opines that the agreement lays negative impact to human rights as it promotes export rather than livelihood, fails to face the business control, allows continuation of dumping and traps developing countries in an unequal playground. The book has recommended some simple steps to ensure fair agriculture trade rules. In fact, the book provides an innovative idea on how to cope up with the imbalance created in the economic, social and political fields by the unjust provisions imposed through agriculture trade agreement and the WTO. A list of resource materials and reference given at the end are useful for those aspiring to study more in this field.

24. FOHRID Human Rights Monitor
FOHRID has been publishing this journal 3 times a year from the very beginning of its establishment. Through this publication, FOHRID disseminates information about brief reports of its activities, Nepali translation of commitments of Nepal government in the international forums, translation of concluding observations of the UN Human Rights body and write ups on the human rights issues.

Project Execution Evaluation Reports

  1. Evaluation Report of combating impunity to promote accountability-project-2010
  2. Final Evaluation Report on Initiative to Combat against Torture and Impunity March 2009
  3. Final Evaluation Report on Ending Unlawful Killings and Impunity February 2008


Draft Legislation

  1. Major issues for improvement in the draft of penal code, criminal procedure code and criminal offence punishment determination and implementation Act Proposed by Civil Society -4 October 2010
  2. Bill Relating to Torture, 2065 (2008)
  3. Bill Relating to the Prohibition of Impunity, 2007


Project Execution Report

  1. Initiative for accession of Rome Statute to combat impunity in Nepal –March 2011
  2. Facilitation in the Constitution Making Process June 2011
  3. Final Project Execution Report of Combating Impunity to Promote Accountability - May 2010
  4. Initiative to support constitution making process ,February 2010
  5. Initiative to implement Supreme Court decisions -December 2010
  6. Initiative to incorporate Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR) in the New Constitution- November 2009
  7. Final Narrative Report - Initiative to combat against torture and Impunity- December 2008
  8. Advocacy for social, economic and legal justice for victims of conflict through Truth & Reconciliation Commission 28 February 2008
  9. Initiative for people's participation and ownership in the Constituent Assembly May 24, 2007
  10. Ending unlawful killing and impunity project-2007


Program report

  1. Brief Report of Focus Group Discussion-Addressing impunity and proposed retroactive provision in new constitution 11 April 2010
  2. Final report of campaign on ICC WEEK: Demanding accession to the ICC Treaty in Nepal
  3. Implementation status of recommendations by National Human Rights Commission and Impunity 19 April 2007, Kathmandu
  4. Final report of workshop on "Access to Justice and Sustainable Livelihood for Conflict Victims, 24 November 2006
  5. FINAL REPORT on Implementation of International Law-Geneva Convention Common Article-3 in Nepal under Internal Armed Conflict" and Sustainable Outcome of the Armed Conflict and Ceasefires Present Need
  6. Program report on "Increasing Urban Poverty and the Impact of Conflict" 20 April 2005
  7. FINAL REPORT Interaction Program on CORRUPTION: A THREAT21 December 2003


Research and study

  1. Transitional Justice and New Constitution An Exception of Non-Retrospective Criminal Law To Address International Crimes -2011
  2. International Criminal Court, Article 98(2) and Bilateral Immunity Agreement 2011
  3. Withdrawal of the Serious criminal cases and Impunity in Nepal- Publish in December, 2010
  4. Study on the implementation status of the Supreme Court decisions against serious human rights violation and impunity-2010
  5. Case study of mass killings at Kalikot during internal armed conflict- 2006
  6. Statement of Principles on Minority and Group Rights in Nepal- 2006
  7. Policy critique on sustainable livelihood and social and political participation of the vulnerable groups -28 December 2005
  8. Internal armed conflict and abducted democracy in Nepal Concerns over violation of IHL- 2005


ToT and advocacy Toolkit

  1. A Toolkit on Rights, Justice, and Development: Nepal-2007
  2. Training manual for promotion of rights to social and political participation 2004
  3. Introduction of human rights: a teaching tool-2002




Press Release

Impunity aggravated by promotion of those alleged of serious human rights violation, failure to prosecute and case withdrawal in Nepal 11 October 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal. Nepal government has failed to bring into justice system and prosecute those who are alleged of inv... Read more
International Justice Day-2012, FOHRID Urges Government of Nepal to ratify the Rome Statute of ICC 16 July, 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal Every year on 17 July the world celebrates International Justice Day (IJD) to commemorate the adoption ... Read more
Nepal: Criminalize torture and end impunity June 25, 2012, Kathmandu,Nepal We are observing June 26, 2012, the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture. The expressio... Read more
Appeal for immediate accession/ratification of the OP-ICESCR by Nepal Government 07 May 2012 (2069 Baishakh 22), Kathmandu, Nepal Nepal Government should immediately accede/ratify to the Optional Protocol to the Inte... Read more
Nepal must strengthen prosecution against impunity 12 January 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal. UK authorities arrested Nepal Army Colonel Kumar Lama on 3rd January 2013 from Sussex for his alle... Read more
Appeal to Nepal government to become accountable to respect and protect people's right to life 28 January 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal   Similar to the previous years, people in terai faced severe cold wave this winter also, ... Read more


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