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All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Initiative for protection & promotion of ESC rights PDF Print E-mail

Nepal acceded to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1991 without any reservation. There is no effective national mechanism for remedy on the violation of ESC rights. The state ignores the ESC rights stating that they are the subject of progressive realisation. Nepal is not a party to the Optional Protocol of ICESCR (OP-ICESCR). This hinders implementation of the Covenant and denies right to seek remedy for its violation.

The existing status of economic, social and cultural rights in Nepal suggests that it has failed to meet the obligations originating from the provisions of the Covenant. Nepal, like any other state party to the ICESCR, is required firstly, to make clear budgetary and implementation efforts to meet the basic needs of its citizens. Secondly, it is obliged to ensure that citizens will have a right to redress or reparation if these rights are denied or infringed upon. As a state party, Nepal government assumes the obligations to respect, protect, and to fulfil the rights enshrined in the Covenant without reservation. The 'minimum core obligation' of the Covenant is to satisfy 'at the very least, minimum essential levels of each of the rights', to the maximum of each state's available resources. General Comment 3 of the ESCR Committee notes that where the minimum core standards are not realized, resource constraints should be considered within the context of state parties having allocated "all resources that are at its disposition in an effort to satisfy, as a matter of priority, those minimum obligations."


Press Release

Impunity aggravated by promotion of those alleged of serious human rights violation, failure to prosecute and case withdrawal in Nepal 11 October 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal. Nepal government has failed to bring into justice system and prosecute those who are alleged of inv... Read more
International Justice Day-2012, FOHRID Urges Government of Nepal to ratify the Rome Statute of ICC 16 July, 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal Every year on 17 July the world celebrates International Justice Day (IJD) to commemorate the adoption ... Read more
Nepal: Criminalize torture and end impunity June 25, 2012, Kathmandu,Nepal We are observing June 26, 2012, the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture. The expressio... Read more
Appeal for immediate accession/ratification of the OP-ICESCR by Nepal Government 07 May 2012 (2069 Baishakh 22), Kathmandu, Nepal Nepal Government should immediately accede/ratify to the Optional Protocol to the Inte... Read more
Nepal must strengthen prosecution against impunity 12 January 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal. UK authorities arrested Nepal Army Colonel Kumar Lama on 3rd January 2013 from Sussex for his alle... Read more
Appeal to Nepal government to become accountable to respect and protect people's right to life 28 January 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal   Similar to the previous years, people in terai faced severe cold wave this winter also, ... Read more


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