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All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Human Rights PDF Print E-mail

FOHRID has been working from its inception to attain Overall Objectives such as protection, promotion and respect of human rights according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and other relevant international instruments under Human rights theme (general). Major issues and areas identified by FOHRID under this theme include to initiate campaign for immediate signature and ratification of UN Conventions and Optional Protocols by Nepal; HR Education for students and grassroots level people; training on different themes to human rights defenders; campaign for application and implementation of IHL Geneva Convention (Common Article-3); research on application / implementation status of Six Core Conventions, with special focus on ICCPR and ICESCR; preparation and submission of Shadow Report/Alternative Report to UN Treaty Bodies; training on HR reporting and publication of HR Reporting Manual for Reporting on Six Core Conventions; publication and dissemination of information relating to Shadow Report, General Comments, Concluding Observations and State Report on Six Core Conventions as well as monitoring their implementation status at domestic level; information dissemination and implementation of the commitments of Nepal government in the UN and other international forums; advocacy and initiative for empowerment and protection of vulnerable groups with right based approach in development and knowledge based approach in their upliftment; and addressing equal property ownership of women in Nepal.

1. Challenges of human rights in Nepal
The Interim Constitution of Nepal and other political agreements including 12 point agreement and Comprehensive Peace Accord have expressed clear commitment to promote and protect human rights. However, there are still many challenges in the human rights sector as rule of law has become fragile and impunity is increasing day by day. The government is attempting to provide amnesty to the perpetrators of the past without addressing the grievances and plea for justice of the victims through issuing toothless Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and Commission for Investigation of Disappearance (CoID). One cannot be sure that these commissions shall work effectively even if they are formed. In this backdrop, human rights and civil society felt a need to review the challenges of human rights in Nepal. On occasion of 63rd International Human Rights Day and Human Rights National Magna Meet 2011, FOHRID, ICJ, HURFON, and Citizen's Task Force to Combat Impunity organized a talk program on 11 December 2011 (2068 Mangsir 25) at Jawlakhel, Lalitpur. The conclusion of the program is given below:

  • Several problems and hurdles have been seen in the efforts to prosecute perpetrators. We need victim centered policy, coordination and network, trust, protection of the witness, victim and lawyers, awareness for successful prosecution and litigation. The international donor agencies should focus their attention to this need. The Office of the Attorney General must play effective role to assist this. The government should be serious to effectively implement the recommendations of the National Human Rights Commission and the court decisions.
  • To respect and ensure rule of law, the problems hindering implementation of the Supreme Court decisions should be removed. There is lack of clarity at the policy level about the time limit to send the decision and process to follow for implementation. This problem can be removed through policy reform.
  • There is lack of policy uniformity among human rights and civil society in their struggle against impunity. We have failed to draw attention of the international donor community to effectively intervene at the policy level. The campaign against impunity must be integrated as we cannot attain our goal being divided. The human rights and civil society needs to develop a common strategy and standard to cope up this problem.


2. Involvement to prepare Universal Periodic Review
FORHID and Citizen's Task Force to Combat Impunity (CTCI) actively involved in preparation of Universal Periodic Review report on behalf of Nepal NGO Coalition for UPR (NNC-UPR). This report is the outcome of series of regional and national level thematic consultations with relevant stakeholders including the government and national institutions. In the report drafting process FOHRID contributed on Right to life, liberty, and security of the persons, rule of law, impunity and transitional justice.


3. Regular study, documentation and advocacy for application and implementation of Six Core Conventions:
FOHRID has been conducting study with updates on the implementation of Six Core Conventions International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR); International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR); Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW); Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD); Convention on the Rights of Child (CRC); Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) by utilizing internal resources. But the comprehensive study of State policy, program and practice, and subtle analysis is still incomplete due to lack of enough funds. Under this program, FOHRID focuses Active Campaign for application of ICCPR and ICESCR. Main object of the program is to initiate public dialogue on the implementation of ICCPR and ICESCR. FOHRID and ENJUS are jointly conducting this program.
Active lobbying was conducted with stakeholders for application and implementation of Six Core Conventions. An agreement has been reached to form ICCPR and ICESCR National Convention Implementation Monitoring Working Group (NCIMWG). It is felt that more intensive discussion between the stakeholders is necessary to materialize this agreement. More precise study on the implementation status of ICCPR and ICESCR is required. A national level round table discussion was conducted jointly by Amnesty International Nepal and FOHRID. The programme focused guarantee of rights enshrined in the ICESCR in the New Constitution. Feedback of the program was submitted to the CA Members and thematic committees of the Constituent Assembly.


4. Human rights and issue based sensitisation programmes:
Issue based sensitisation programmes were conducted from the human rights perspective on the rights of marginalized community on peace and development, inclusive democracy and rights of vulnerable groups, role of people for strengthening democracy and inclusive democracy, Constituent Assembly and people's political participation, combating impunity, reform in Nepal Army, impact of globalisation and vulnerability. These programmes are being conducted at regular discussion forum at FOHRID office and other venues. This programme is an integral part of FOHRID's activities from the beginning. FOHRID has been undertaking effective measures to create public opinion and sensitise people against the incidents of human rights violation.


5. Policy dialogue
FOHRID has been conducting advocacy programs with the policy level stakeholders on the issues of women participation in the constitution making process, access of women in the justice and empowerment and inclusion of the marginalized and vulnerable community. FOHRID has been playing facilitating role to conduct policy dialogue at the national level regarding the issues identified and raised by local level organizations. FOHRID has been continuously conducting dialogue at the policy level to implement the 6 Core Conventions ratified by Nepal. Besides, FOHRID has organized interaction programs with the stakeholders regarding protection of farmer's rights.


6. Initiative for equal property and land ownership of women in Nepal:
FOHRID has been conducting discussion and advocacy programs to ensure women's equal property rights with men in Nepal. FOHRID has initiated discussion with the rural women to address the issue of equal property ownership of women. Major objective of this program is to ensure social justice and gender equality through establishment of equal property ownership of women in the society. A Women Cell has been created within FOHRID to run this campaign effectively.


7. Human rights education program:
This program has been initiated targeting students of higher secondary and secondary levels and general public. More than six hundred students and grassroots level people have participated in one-day Human Rights Education Programs. Essay writing competition on the topic of "Child rights is human rights" was held among the secondary level students at Sijuwa Secondary School and Govindapur Secondary School of Morang district. Appreciation letters and cash prize were distributed to 26 students who participated the program.
Activities of human rights education program are held on various occasions. Object of the program is awareness creation among students and grassroots level people for promotion and protection of human rights. The program is being conducted in Kathmandu valley and other districts outside the capital. Participants have been sensitized on the fundamentals of human rights.


8. Initiative focusing minority and group rights:
This initiative was implemented simultaneously in 5 South Asian countries namely Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka by different organizations. The programme was funded by National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and was implemented in South Asia by International Centre for Ethnic Studies (ICES), Sri Lanka. Major aim of this programme was "Building a culture of human rights in South Asia by enhancing the protection and promotion of minority and group rights." The initiative had following two immediate objectives:

  • To promote research and provide information on the situation of minorities in South Asia
  • Consolidate national and regional networks aimed at promoting and protecting minority rights.

Under this initiative, FOHRID, in collaboration with other regional partners, accomplished updating "Advisory Services Directory" and prepared a "Draft Charter on Minority and Group Rights in South Asia".


9. Initiative for the right to sustainable livelihood and the enabling of social and political participation of vulnerable groups
FOHRID has focused its activities at various levels to promote sustainable livelihood and social and political participation of the vulnerable groups and marginalized community. It has been conducting advocacy and initiatives for empowerment and protection of vulnerable groups with right based approach in development and knowledge based approach in their upliftment; and addressing equal property ownership of women in Nepal. This program aims to intervene at two levels. Firstly, advocacy at the policy level and policy reform; and secondly, activities aimed to empowerment of vulnerable groups and marginalized community at the district and local level.
Principal objective of the programme is to prepare actors, agents, participants and potential beneficiaries to enable people to live a life of self worth and dignity constructed on the foundation of the SAARC Social Charter and other international rights standards. The right to sustainable livelihood enables and broadens social and political participation in Nepal.
This program is implemented through a loose coalition of the non-state actors under the banner of National Protection Working Group (NPWG). There are three levels of tools of intervention of this activity. First, stock taking and resource mobilisation; second, transfer of customized knowledge for civic Action; and third, empowerment & support for Vulnerability protection. These activities are being accomplished through community level coalition named Community Protection Network (CPN) at the local level. Total number of participants in the programs on right to sustainable livelihood and political participation was 230 males and 180 females. Detail of the activities accomplished in this issue can be found at


10. Advocacy Toolkit and Training Manual
FOHRID has developed Training Manual to conduct training on the issue of sustainable livelihood and right to political participation. Mapping and compilation of the provisions in the international human rights laws for the right to sustainable livelihood have been accomplished for the purpose of training toolkit design.


11. Fact Finding, monitoring and documentation of human rights violations
FOHRID has been monitoring the incidents of serious violation of human rights. In this fiscal year, FOHRID conducted fact findings of 5 serious cases of torture and made the findings public. FOHRID disseminates information received through the study of serious violation of human rights to the international human rights protection mechanism.


12. Sensitization on International Humanitarian Law- IHL (Geneva Convention):
FOHRID has been conducting sensitization program on the IHL (Geneva Convention) at the domestic level. Interaction, discussion and seminars are being conducted on various aspects of IHL. Advocacy is being conducted at the policy level regarding provision of Common Article 3 and its implementation at the domestic level.


Press Release

Impunity aggravated by promotion of those alleged of serious human rights violation, failure to prosecute and case withdrawal in Nepal 11 October 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal. Nepal government has failed to bring into justice system and prosecute those who are alleged of inv... Read more
International Justice Day-2012, FOHRID Urges Government of Nepal to ratify the Rome Statute of ICC 16 July, 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal Every year on 17 July the world celebrates International Justice Day (IJD) to commemorate the adoption ... Read more
Nepal: Criminalize torture and end impunity June 25, 2012, Kathmandu,Nepal We are observing June 26, 2012, the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture. The expressio... Read more
Appeal for immediate accession/ratification of the OP-ICESCR by Nepal Government 07 May 2012 (2069 Baishakh 22), Kathmandu, Nepal Nepal Government should immediately accede/ratify to the Optional Protocol to the Inte... Read more
Nepal must strengthen prosecution against impunity 12 January 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal. UK authorities arrested Nepal Army Colonel Kumar Lama on 3rd January 2013 from Sussex for his alle... Read more
Appeal to Nepal government to become accountable to respect and protect people's right to life 28 January 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal   Similar to the previous years, people in terai faced severe cold wave this winter also, ... Read more


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